Saturday, March 21, 2020

an essential cinema


Jim Abrahams, David Zucker Airplane! 1980

Maren Ade Toni Erdmann 2016

Lou Adler Ladies and Gentlemen, the Fabulous Stains 1982

Ben Affleck Gone Baby Gone 2007, The Town 2010, Argo 2012

Chantal Akerman Hotel Monterey 1972, Je, Tu, Il, Elle 1974, Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce 1080 Bruxelles 1976, News From Home 1977, Les Rendez-vous d'Anna 1978, J'ai Faim, J'ai Froid 1984, Portrait of a Young Girl at the End of the ’60s in Brussels 1994

Robert Aldrich Kiss me Deadly 1955, The Big Knife 1955, The Dirty Dozen 1967, The Longest Yard 1974

Tomas Alfredson Let the Right One In 2008, Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy 2011

Lewis Allen The Uninvited 1944

Woody Allen Bananas 1971, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex * But Were Afraid to Ask 1972, Sleeper 1973, Love and Death 1975, Annie Hall 1977, Manhattan 1979, Stardust Memories 1980, A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy 1982, Zelig 1983, Broadway Danny Rose 1984, The Purple Rose of Cairo 1985, Hannah and Her Sisters 1986, Crimes and Misdemeanors 1989, Husbands and Wives 1992, Manhattan Murder Mystery 1993, Bullets Over Broadway 1994, Small Time Crooks 2000, Blue Jasmine 2013

Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her 2002, Pain and Glory 2019

Victor Alperin White Zombie 1932

Robert Altman MASH 1970, Brewster McCloud 1970, McCabe & Mrs. Miller 1971, Images 1972, The Long Goodbye 1973, Thieves Like Us 1974, California Split 1974, Nashville 1975, 3 Women 1977, Short Cuts 1993, Kansas City 1996, Gosford Park 2001

American Mutoscope & Biograph Co. The Ghost Train 1903

Brad Anderson The Machinist 2004

Lindsay Anderson This Sporting Life 1963, If... 1968, O Lucky Man! 1973, In Celebration 1975

Paul Thomas Anderson Hard Eight 1996, Boogie Nights 1997, Magnolia 1999, Punch-Drunk Love 2002, There Will Be Blood 2007, The Master 2012, Inherent Vice 2014, Phantom Thread 2017

Thom Andersen Los Angeles Plays Itself 2003

Wes Anderson Bottle Rocket 1996, The Royal Tenenbaums 2001,  Fantastic Mr. Fox 2009, The Grand Budapest Hotel 2014


Kenneth Anger Fireworks 1949, Puce Moment 1949, Rabbit's Moon 1950 + 1970, Eaux d'artifice 1953, Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome 1954, Scorpio Rising 1963, Invocation of My Demon Brother 1969, Kustom Kar Kommandos 1970, Lucifer Rising 1972


David Anspaugh  Hoosiers 1986, Rudy 1993

Michelangelo Antonioni Il Grido 1957, L'avventura 1960, La Notte 1961, L'eclisse 1962, Red Desert 1964, Blow-Up 1966, The Passenger 1975

Judd Apatow The 40-Year-Old Virgin 2005

Alan Arkin Little Murders 1971

Andrea Arnold Wasp 2003, Red Road 2006, Fish Tank 2009, Wuthering Heights 2011

Jack Arnold It Came From Outer Space 1953, Creature From the Black Lagoon 1954, The Incredible Shrinking Man 1957

Newt Arnold Bloodsport 1988

Darren Aronofsky The Wrestler 2008

Hal Ashby The Landlord 1970, Harold and Maude 1971, The Last Detail 1973, Shampoo 1975, Bound for Glory 1976, Coming Home 1978, Being There 1979

Anthony Asquith Pygmalion 1938 (with Leslie Howard), The Way to the Stars (aka Johnny in the Clouds) 1945, The Browning Version 1951

Olivier Assayas Cold Water 1994, Personal Shopper 2016

Ari Aster Hereditary 2018, Midsommar 2019

Aram Avakian, Bert Stern Jazz on a Summer's Day 1959

John G. Avildsen Joe 1970, Save the Tiger 1973, Rocky 1976

Lila Avilés The Chambermaid 2018

Gabriel Axel Babette's Feast 1987

Hector Babenco Ironweed 1987

Frédéric Back The Man Who Planted Trees (L'homme qui plantait des arbres) 1987

Lloyd Bacon (Busby Berkeley) Footlight Parade 1933

John Badham Saturday Night Fever 1977


Yong-Kyun Bae Why Has Bodhi-Dharma Left for the East? 1989

Fax Bahr, George Hickenlooper, Eleanor Coppola Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse 1991

Roy Baker A Night to Remember 1958

Bruce Baillie Mr. Hayashi 1961, Castro Street 1964, All My Life 1966

Carroll Ballard The Black Stallion 1979, Never Cry Wolf 1983, Fly Away Home 1996

Daniel Barber Harry Brown 2009

Allen Baron Blast of Silence 1961

Daniel Barnett White Heart 1975

William Basinski Disintegration Loop 1.1 2001

Saul Bass Phase IV 1974

Jacques Becker Touchez pas au Grisbi 1954, Le Trou 1960

Corinna Belz Gerhard Richter - Painting 2011

Malik Bendjelloul Searching For Sugar Man 2012

Laslo Benedek The Wild One 1953

James Benning  RR 2007

Robert Benton The Late Show 1977

Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies 1983

Alec Berg & Bill Hader Barry season One & Two 2018-2019



Ingmar Bergman Port of Call 1948, Summer with Monika 1953, Smiles of a Summer Night 1955, The Seventh Seal 1957, Wild Strawberries 1957, Virgin Spring 1960, Through a Glass Darkly 1961, Winter Light 1963, The Silence 1963, Persona 1966, Shame 1968, Hour of the Wolf 1968, The Passion of Anna 1969, Fårö Document 1970, Cries & Whispers 1972, Scenes from a Marriage 1974, The Serpent's Egg 1977, Autumn Sonata 1978, Fanny and Alexander 1982, Saraband 2003

Shari Springer Berman, Robert Pulcini American Splendor 2003

Bernardo Bertolucci The Conformist 1970, The Last Emperor 1987, Stealing Beauty 1996

Claude Berri Le Vieil Homme et L'enfant (The Two of Us) 1967

Ann Biderman Southland 2009-2013

Kathryn Bigelow The Loveless 1981, Near Dark 1987, Point Break 1991, The Hurt Locker 2008

Edward O. Bland The Cry of Jazz 1959

Les Blank Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe 1980, Burden of Dreams 1982

Budd Boetticher The Tall T 1957, Ride Lonesome 1959, Decision at Sundown 1957, Buchanan Rides Alone 1958, Ride Lonesome 1959, Comanche Station 1960

Hu Bo Man in the Well 2016, An Elephant Sitting Still 2018

Peter Bogdanovich Targets 1968, The Last Picture Show 1971, What's Up, Doc? 1972, Paper Moon 1973

Bong Joon Ho Memories of Murder 2003, The Host 2006, Mother 2009, Parasite 2019

John Boorman Point Blank 1967, Deliverance 1972, Excalibur 1981

Frank Borzage 7th Heaven 1927, Lucky Star 1929, Liliom 1930, A Man's Castle 1933, Strange Cargo 1940, Moonrise 1948

Danny Boyle Shallow Grave 199428 Days Later 2002



Stan Brakhage Works

Robert Breer Works

Robert Bresson Diary of a Country Priest 1950, A Man Escaped 1957, Pickpocket 1959, Au Hasard Balthazar 1966, Mouchette 1967, Une Femme Douce 1969, Quatre Nuits d'un Rêveur 1971, L'argent 1983

Martin Brest Beverly Hills Cop 1984, Midnight Run 1988

James Bridges The China Syndrome 1979, Urban Cowboy 1980

Peter Brook Lord of the Flies 1963

James L. Brooks Broadcast News 1987

Mel Brooks Young Frankenstein 1974

Richard Brooks Deadline USA 1952, In Cold Blood 1967

Tod Browning Dracula 1931, Freaks 1932, Mark of the Vampire 1935

Kevin Brownlow, David Gill Unknown Chaplin 1983

Luis Bunuel Los Olvidados 1950, Belle de Jour 1967

Charles Burnett Killer of Sheep 1977, To Sleep with Anger 1990

Paul Burnford Storm 1940-43


Steve Buscemi Trees Lounge 1996, Lonesome Jim 2005

Mary Ellen Bute Works, eps. Rhythm in Light (with Melville Webber and Theodore Nemeth) 1934

George Butler The Endurance: Shackleton’s Legendary Antarctic Expedition 2000

James Cameron The Terminator 1984, Aliens 1986, Terminator 2: Judgment Day 1991

Jane Campion The Piano 1993, The Portrait of a Lady  1996, Holy Smoke 1999, Bright Star 2009, Top of the Lake 2013

Frank Capra American Madness 1932, Lady for a Day  1933, It Happened One Night 1934, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town 1936, You Can't Take It with You 1938, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939, Meet John Doe 1941, Arsenic and Old Lace 1944, It's a Wonderful Life 1946

Leos Carax Holy Motors 2012

Jack Cardiff Sons and Lovers 1960

Timothy Carey The World's Greatest Sinner 1962
Henning Carlsen Hunger 1966

Joe Carnahan The Grey 2011

Marcel Carné Drole de Drame 1937, Le Jour se Lève 1939, Port of Shadows 1939, Children of Paradise 1946

John Carpenter Assault on Precinct 13 1976, Halloween 1978, The Fog 1980, Escape from New York 1981, The Thing 1982, Starman 1984, They Live 1988



John Cassavetes Shadows 1959, Faces 1968, Husbands 1970, Minnie and Moskowitz 1971, A Woman Under the Influence 1974, The Killing of a Chinese Bookie 1976, Love Streams 1984

Xan Cassavetes Z Channel: A Magnificent Obsession 2004

Lucien Castaing-Taylor & Ilisa Barbash Sweetgrass 2009

Lucien Castaing-Taylor & Verena Paravel Leviathan 2012

Alberto Cavalcanti They Made Me a Fugitive 1947

Nuri Bilge Ceylan Uzak (Distant) 2002

Charles Chaplin Works

David Chase The Sopranos 1999-2007

Damien Chazelle Whiplash 2014

Grigori Chukhrai Ballad of a Soldier 1959

Derek Cianfrance Blue Valentine 2010, The Place Beyond the Pines 2012

Michael Cimino Thunderbolt and Lightfoot 1974, The Deer Hunter 1978

René Clair Entr'acte (with Francis Picabia) 1924, Paris qui Dort 1925, La tour 1928, Under the Roofs of Paris 1930, Le Million 1931, And Then There Were None 1945

Alan Clarke Scum 1979, Made in Britain 1982, The Firm 1988, Elephant 1989

Shirley Clarke The Connection 1962, The Cool World 1964

Jack Clayton Room at the Top 1959, The Innocents 1961

René Clément Forbidden Games 1952, Purple Noon 1960

Lisa Cholodenko, Michael Dinner Unbelievable 2019

Edward Cline The Bank Dick 1940

Henri-Georges Clouzot Le Corbeau 1943, Quai des Orfèvres 1947, Wages of Fear 1952, Les Diaboliques 1955, Le Mystère Picasso 1956

Jean Cocteau The Blood of a Poet 1930, Beauty and the Beast 1946, Orpheus 1950, Testament of Orpheus 1960


Coen Brothers Blood Simple 1984, Raising Arizona 1987, Miller's Crossing 1990, Barton Fink 1991, The Hudsucker Proxy 1994, Fargo 1996, The Big Lebowski 1998, The Man Who Wasn't There 2001, No Country for Old Men 2007, A Serious Man 2009, True Grit 2010, Inside Llewyn Davis 2013

Larry Cohen Bone 1972, God Told Me To 1976, Q: The Winged Serpent 1982, The Stuff 1985

Peter Collinson The Italian Job 1969

Chris Columbus Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone 2001, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets 2002

John Coney Space Is the Place 1974

Bruce Conner A Movie 1958, Cosmic Ray 1961, Vivian 1964,   Looking for Mushrooms 1959-67/1996, Breakaway 1966, Report 1963-1967, The White Rose 1967, Permian Strata 1969, Marilyn Times Five 1973, Crossroads 1976, Take the 5:10 to Dreamland 1977, Valse Triste 1977, Mea Culpa  1981, America is Waiting 1982, Eve-Ray-Forever (three screen installation) 2006, Three Screen Ray (three screen installation) 2006

Tony Conrad The Flicker 1966

Ryan Coogler Fruitvale Station 2013

Scott Cooper Crazy Heart 2009, Out of the Furnace 2013, Black Mass 2015, Hostiles 2017

Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather 1972, The Godfather, Part II 1974, The Conversation 1974, Apocalypse Now 1979, One from the Heart 1981, The Outsiders 1983, Rumble Fish 1983, The Rainmaker 1997

Anton Corbijn A Most Wanted Man 2014

Roger Corman A Bucket of Blood 1959

Alain Corneau Tous les Matins du Monde 1991

Joseph Cornell Works

Costa-Gavras Z 1969, Missing 1982

Alex Cox Repo Man 1984

Arthur Crabtree Fiend Without a Face 1958

Charles Crichton The Lavender Hill Mob 1951


Michael Crichton Looker 1981

John Cromwell Since You Went Away 1944

David Cronenberg Crimes of the Future 1970, Shivers (They Came From Within) 1975, Rabid 1977, The Brood 1979, Scanners 1981, Videodrome 1983, The Dead Zone 1983, Naked Lunch 1991, Spider 2002, A History of Violence 2005, Eastern Promises 2007

Alfonso Cuaron Y Tu Mamá También 2001, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban 2004 Children of Men 2006, Roma 2018

Allan Cubitt The Fall 2013-2016

George Cukor Diner At Eight 1933, Holiday 1938, The Philadelphia Story 1940, Gaslight 1944, Adam's Rib 1949, Born Yesterday 1950, The Marrying Kind 1952, It Should Happen to You 1954, A Star is Born 1954

Michael Curtiz Angels with Dirty Faces 1938, Dive Bomber 1941, Casablanca 1942, Mildred Pierce 1945, We're No Angels 1955

John Dahl Rounders 1998

Dardenne Brothers La Promesse 1996, Rosetta 1999, Le Fils 2002, L'enfant 2005, The Kid with a Bike 2011, Two Days, One Night 2014

Frank Darabont The Shawshank Redemption 1994, The Green Mile 1999



Jules Dassin Brute Force 1947, The Naked City 1948, Thieves' Highway 1949, Night and the City 1950, Rififi 1955

Delmer Daves Dark Passage 1947, 3:10 to Yuma 1957

Larry David Curb Your Enthusiasm 2000-

Andrew Davis The Fugitive 1993

Terence Davies Distant Voices, Still Lives 1988, The Long Day Closes 1992, The Deep Blue Sea 2011, A Quiet Passion 2016

Basil Dearden The Blue Lamp 1950

Cecil B. Demille Union Pacific 1939

Jonathon Demme Melvin and Howard 1980, Something Wild 1986, The Silence of the Lambs 1991, Philadelphia 1993

Jacques Demy The Umbrellas of Cherbourg 1964, Model Shop 1969

Claire Denis Trouble Every Day 2001, Friday Night 2002, 35 Shots of Rum 2008, High Life 2018

Maya Deren Meshes of the Afternoon 1946, At Land 1946, A Study in Choreography for Camera 1946, Ritual in Transfigured Time 1946, Meditation on Violence 1949, The Very Eye of Night 1958, Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti

Yi'nan Diao Black Coal Thin Ice 2014

Tom DiCillo Living in Oblivion 1995

William Dieterle Portrait of Jennie 1948

Mati Diop Atlantics 2019

Walt Disney Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs 1937, Fantasia 1940, Pinocchio 1940, Dumbo 1941, Bambi 1942

Edward Dmytryk The Sniper 1952

Andrew Dominik The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford 2007, Killing Them Softly 2012

Evelina Domnitch & Dmitry Gelfand Camera Lucida 2006

Clive Donner The Caretaker 1963, A Christmas Carol 1984


Richard Donner The Omen 1976, Superman 1978, Superman II (With Richard Lester)1980, Inside Moves 1980

Gordon Douglas Them! 1954

Alexandr Dovzhenko Arsenal 1928, Earth 1930

Carl Theodor Dreyer Michael 1924, La Passion de Deanne d'Arc 1928, Vampyr 1932, Day of Wrath 1943, Ordet 1955, Gertrud 1964

Marcel Duchamp Anemic Cinema 1929

Daryl Duke Payday 1973

Germaine Dulac The Seashell and the Clergyman 1928

Bruno Dumont L'humanité 1999, Flandres 2016

Sean Durkin Southcliffe 2013

Ava DuVernay When They See Us 2019

Julien Duvivier Pépé le Moko 1937

Charles & Ray Eames Works

Clint Eastwood Play Misty For Me 1971, High Plains Drifter 1973, The Eiger Sanction 1995, The Outlaw Josey Wales 1976, Pale Rider 1985, Bird 1988, Unforgiven 1992, A Perfect World 1993, The Bridges of Madison County 1995, Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil 1997, True Crime 1999, Mystic River 2003, Million Dollar Baby 2004, Changeling 2008, Gran Torino 2008, Sully 2016, Richard Jewell 2019

Blake Edwards Experiment in Terror 1962, Days of Wine and Roses 1962, The Pink Panther 1963, A Shot in the Dark 1964

Gareth Edwards Monsters 2010

Robert Eggers The Witch 2015, The Lighthouse 2019

Viking Eggeling Symphonie diaganale 1924

Atom Egoyan The Sweet Hereafter 1997

Sergei Eisenstein Strike 1925, Battleship Potemkin 1925, Alexander Nevsky 1938, Ivan the Terrible, Part I 1944, Ivan the Terrible, Part II 1958

Stephan Elliott The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert 1994

Brian Eno Thursday Afternoon 1984, Mistaken Memories of Mediaeval Manhattan 1987

Jean Epstein The Fall of the House of Usher 1928

Rob Epstein The Times of Harvey Milk 1984



Victor Erice The Spirit of the Beehive 1973, El Sur (The South) 1983, The Dream of Light: Quince Tree of the Sun 1992, Lifeline segment from Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet 2002

Jean Eustache La Maman et la Putain 1973

Keith Evans Works (see Silt)

Valie Export Works

Bobby and Peter Farrelly Kingpin 1996, Green Book 2018

Rainer Werner Fassbinder Why Does Herr R. Run Amok? 1969, The Merchant of Four Seasons 1971, The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant 1972, Ali: Fear Eats the Soul 1973, Martha 1973, Fox and His Friends 1975, Mother Kusters Goes to Heaven 1975, Fear of Fear 1975, In the Year of 13 Moons 1978, The Marriage of Maria Braun 1979, Berlin Alexanderplatz 1979/1980, Lola 1981, Veronika Voss 1982

Paul Feig Freaks and Geeks 1999-2000

Federico Fellini Variety Lights 1950, The White Sheik 1952, I Vitelloni 1953, La Strada 1954, Nights of Cabiria 1957, La Dolce Vita 1960, 1963, Juliet of the Spirits 1965


Abel Ferrara Fear City 1984, The Gladiator 1986, King of New York 1990, Bad Lieutenant 1992, The Funeral 1996

Sophie Fiennes Over Your Cities Grass Will Grow 2010

David Fincher Se7en 1995, The Game 1997, Zodiac 2007, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button 2008, Gone Girl 2014

Oskar Fischinger Works

Peter Fischli & David Weiss The Way Things Go 1987

Robert J. Flaherty Nanook of the North 1922, The Twenty-Four Dollar Island 1927, Man of Aran 1934, Louisiana Story 1948

Richard Fleischer The Narrow Margin 1952, 10 Rillington Place 1971, Mr. Majestyk 1974

Victor Fleming The Wizard of Oz 1939, Tortilla Flat 1942

John Flynn The Outfit 1973, Rolling Thunder 1977

James Foley Glengarry Glen Ross 1992

Peter Fonda The Hired Hand 1971

Bryan Forbes The L-Shaped Room 1962

John Ford 3 Bad Men 1926, Arrowsmith 1931, The Informer 1935, The Prisoner of Shark Island  1936, Wee Willie Winkie 1937, Stagecoach 1939, Drums Along the Mohawk 1939, Young Mr. Lincoln 1939, The Long Voyage Home 1940, The Grapes of Wrath 1940, How Green Was My Valley 1941, They Were Expendable 1945, My Darling Clementine 1946, Fort Apache 1948, 3 Godfathers 1948, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon  1949, Wagon Master 1950, Rio Grande 1950, The Quiet Man 1952, The Searchers 1956, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance 1962

Milos Forman Lásky Jedné Plavovlásky (Loves of a Blonde) 1965, The Fireman's Ball 1967, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 1975, Amadeus 1984, The People vs. Larry Flynt 1996

Marc Forster Monster's Ball 2001

Bill Forsyth Local Hero 1983

Hollis Frampton Hapax Legomena I: (Nostalgia) 1971, Zorns Lemma 1970


Georges Franju Le Sang des Bêtes (Blood of the Beasts) 1949, Eyes Without a Face 1969, Judex 1963

John Frankenheimer The Train 1964, Seconds 1966, The Iceman Cometh 1973

Carl Franklin One False Move 1992, Devil in a Blue Dress 1995

Stephen Frears The Hit 1984, My Beautiful Laundrette 1985, Prick Up Your Ears 1987, Dangerous Liaisons 1988, Dirty Pretty Things 2002, Philomena 2013

Karl Freund The Mummy 1932

William Friedkin The Birthday Party 1968, The French Connection 1971, The Exorcist 1973, Cruising 1980, To Live and Die in L.A. 1985

Toshiya Fujita Lady Snowblood 1973

Samuel Fuller Power of the Press 1943, Pickup on South Street 1953, Forty Guns 1957, Underworld U.S.A. 1961, Shock Corridor 1963, The Naked Kiss 1974

Sidney J. Furie The Ipcress File 1965, The Entity 1982

Vincent Gallo Buffalo '66 1998, The Brown Bunny 2004

Bi Gan Long Day’s Journey Into Night 2018

Alex Garland Ex Machina 2015, Annihilation 2018

Ernie Gehr Works

Greta Gerwig Lady Bird 2017

Lewis Gilbert Alfie 1966, You Only Live Twice 1967

Craig Gillespie Lars and the Real Girl 2007, I, Tonya 2017

Terry Gilliam, Terry Jones Monty Python and the Holy Grail 1975

Sidney Gilliat Green for Danger 1946

Vince Gilligan Breaking Bad 2008-2013, Better Call Saul 2015-2019, El Camino: A Breaking Bad Movie 2019

Dan Gilroy Nightcrawler 2014

Tony Gilroy Michael Clayton 2007

Arnold Glassman, Todd McCarthy, Stuart Samuels Visions of Light: The Art of Cinematography 1992


Jonathan Glazer Sexy Beast 2000, Birth 2004, Under the Skin 2013, The Fall 2019

Jean-Luc Godard Vivre Sa Vie 1962, Band of Outsiders 1964, Alphaville 1965

Michel Gondry Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind 2004

Marleen Gorris Antonia's Line 1995

Hideo Gosha Three Outlaw Samurai 1964, Sword of the Beast 1965

Larry Gottheim Works (esp. Fog Line 1970, Barn Rushes 1971)

Edmund Goulding Grand Hotel 1932

Debra Granik Leave No Trace 2018

Nancy Graves Isy Boukir 1971

David Gordon Green George Washington 2000, Joe 2013

James Gray The Lost City of Z 2016, Ad Astra 2019

Paul Greengrass Captain Phillips 2013

D.W. Griffith A Corner In Wheat 1909, The Biograph Shorts

Valeska Grisebach Western 2017

Philip Gröning Die Grosse Stille (Into Great Silence) 2005

Ulu Grosbard Straight Time 1978

John Grzinich Works

Luca Guadagnino Call Me By Your Name 2017

James William Guercio Electra Glide in Blue 1973

Taylor Hackford Dolores Claiborne 1995

Paul Haggis In the Valley of Elah 2007

Andrew Haigh Weekend 2011, 45 Years 2015, Lean on Pete 2017

Randa Haines Children of a Lesser God 1986

Alexander Hall Here Comes Mr. Jordan 1941

Peter Hall The Homecoming 1973

Lasse Hallström My Life as a Dog 1985, What's Eating Gilbert Grape 1993, The Cider House Rules 1999, Chocolat 2000

Guy Hamilton An Inspector Calls 1954, Goldfinger 1964, Diamonds Are Forever 1971


Michael Haneke Code Unknown 2000, The Piano Teacher 2002, Time of the Wolf 2003, Caché 2005, The White Ribbon 2009, Amour 2012

Curtis Hanson L.A. Confidential 1997, Wonder Boys 2000

Robin Hardy The Wicker Man 1973

Curtis Harrinton Night Tide 1961

Hal Hartley The Unbelievable Truth 1989, Trust 1990, Amateur 1994, Flirt 1995, Henry Fool 1997

Herk Harvey Carnival of Souls 1962

Henry Hathaway The House on 92nd Street 1945, Kiss of Death 1947, 13 Rue Madeleine 1947, Call Northside 777  1948

Ethan Hawke Blaze 2018

Howard Hawks Scarface 1932, Ceiling Zero 1936, Bringing Up Baby 1938, Only Angels Have Wings 1939, His Girl Friday 1940, Ball of Fire 1941, Sergeant York 1941, To Have and Have Not 1944, The Big Sleep 1946, Red River 1948, I Was a Male War Bride 1949, The Thing From Another World 1951, Rio Bravo 1959

Todd Haynes Safe 1995, Far From Heaven 2002, Mildred Pierce 2011, Carol 2015

Amy Heckerling Fast Times at Ridgemont High 1982, National Lampoon's European Vacation 1985

Marielle Heller Can you Ever Forgive Me? 2018

Monte Hellman The Shooting 1966, Ride in the Whirlwind 1966, Two-Lane Blacktop 1971, Cockfighter 1974

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck The Lives of Others 2006

Teo Hernández L’eau de la Seine 1983

Rowdy Herrington Road House 1989

Werner Herzog Even Dwarfs Started Small 1970, Aguirre: The Wrath of God 1972, The Great Ecstasy of the Sculptor Steiner 1974, The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser 1974, Heart of Glass 1976, Stroszek 1977, La Soufrière 1977, Nosferatu the Vampyre  1979,  Woyzeck 1979, Fitzcarraldo 1982, Cobra Verde 1987, Lessons of Darkness 1995, My Best Fiend: Klaus Kinski 1999

George Roy Hill Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969, The Sting 1973, The World According to Garp 1982


Walter Hill The Driver 1978, The Warriors 1979, 48 Hrs. 1982

Arthur Hiller The Out-of-Towners 1970, Love Story 1970, The In-Laws 1979

Kim Hiorthoy Supersilent 7 2005

Alfred Hitchcock The 39 Steps 1935, Sabotage 1936, The Lady Vanishes 1938, Foreign Correspondent 1940, Rebecca 1940, Saboteur 1942, Shadow of a Doubt 1943, Lifeboat 1944, Strangers on a Train 1951, Rear Window 1954, The Wrong Man 1956, Vertigo 1958, North by Northwest 1959, The Birds 1963

Gregory Hoblit Primal Fear 1996

Mike Hodges Get Carter 1971, Croupier 1998, I'll Sleep When I'm Dead 2003

Joanna Hogg The Souvenir 2019

Agnieszka Holland The Secret Garden 1993

Ishirō Honda Godzilla 1954

Dennis Hopper Easy Rider 1969, The Last Movie 1971, Out of the Blue 1980, Colors 1988

Hsiao-Hsien Hou Goodbye, South, Goodbye 1996, Millennium Mambo 2001, Three Times 2005, Flight of the Red Balloon 2007, The Assassin 2015

Leslie Howard (with Anthony AsquithPygmalion 1938

Sophie Huber Harry Dean Stanton Partly Fiction 2012

H Bruce Humberstone Sun Valley Serenade 1941

Tim Hunter River's Edge 1986

Frank Hurley South 1919


John Huston The Maltese Falcon 1941, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 1948, Key Largo 1948, The Asphalt Jungle 1950, Beat the Devil 1954, The Misfits 1961, The List of Adrian Messenger 1963, The Night of the Iguana 1964, Fat City 1972, Wise Blood 1979, Under the Volcano 1984, Prizzi's Honor 1985

Zoltan Huszarik Elegia 1965

Peter Hutton Works

Willard Huyck, Gloria Katz Messiah of Evil 1973

Kon Ichikawa The Burmese Harp 1956, Odd Obsession 1959, Fires on the Plain 1959

Shohei Imamura The Insect Woman 1963, The Eel 1997

Alejandro González Iñárritu Amores Peros 2000, 21 Grams 2003, Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) 2014

Otar Iosselliani April 1961, The Falling Leaves 1966, There Was Once a Singing Blackbird 1970, Pastorale 1976

John Irvin Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy 1979

James Ivory (Merchant Ivory) A Room With a View 1985, Maurice 1987, Howard's End 1992, The Remains of the Day 1993, The White Countess 2005

Joris Ivens, Mannus Franken Regen (Rain) 1929

Peter Jackson Heavenly Creatures 1994, Lord of the Rings 2001-2003




Ken Jacobs Works

Steve James Hoop Dreams 1994

Jim Jarmusch Stranger than Paradise 1984, Down by Law 1986, Mystery Train 1989, Night on Earth 1991, Dead Man 1995, Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai 2000, Coffee and Cigarettes 2003, Broken Flowers 2005, Only Lovers Left Alive 2013, Paterson 2016

Julian Jarrold, James Marsh, Anand Tucker The Red Riding Trilogy 2009

Barry Jenkins Moonlight 2016, If Beale Street Could Talk 2018

Norman Jewison In the Heat of the Night 1967, Fiddler on the Roof 1971

Roland Joffé The Mission 1986

Amy Holden Jones Mystic Pizza 1988

Terry Jones Monty Python's Life of Brian 1979

Neil Jordan Mona Lisa 1986, The Miracle 1991, The Crying Game 1992

Mike Judge Office Space 1999

Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos The Shop on Main Street 1965

Mikhail Kalatozishvili The Cranes are Flying 1957, The Letter Never Sent 1959, I am Cuba 1964, The Red Tent 1969

Jonathan Kaplan The Accused 1988


Phil Karlson Scandal Sheet 1952 (from Samuel Fuller's The Dark Page)

Wong Kar-Wai Days of Being Wild 1991, Chung King Express 1994, Fallen Angels 1995, Happy Together 1997, In the Mood for Love 2001, 2046 2005

Lawrence Kasdan Body Heat 1981

Leonard Kastle, Donald Volkman The Honeymoon Killers 1970

Charlie Kaufman, Duke Johnson Anomalisa 2015

Philip Kaufman Invasion of the Body Snatchers 1978, The Wanderers 1979, The Right Stuff 1983, The Unbearable Lightness of Being 1988, Henry & June 1990

Aki Kaurismäki Shadows in Paradise 1986, Ariel 1988, The Match Factory Girl 1990, La Vie de Bohème 1992, Drifting Clouds 1996, The Man Without a Past 2002, Lights in the Dusk 2006, Le Havre 2011, The Other Side of Hope 2017

Elia Kazan A Tree Grows in Brooklyn 1945, Gentleman's Agreement 1945, Panic in the Streets 1950, A Streetcar Named Desire 1951, Viva Zapata! 1952, On the Waterfront 1954, East of Eden 1955, Baby Doll 1956, A Face in the Crowd 1957, Splendor in the Grass 1961

Buster Keaton & Edward F. Cline Works, esp. The Boat 1921, Go West 1925

Abdellatif Kechiche La Vie d'Adèle - Chapitres 1 et 2 (Blue Is the Warmest Color) 2013

Jennifer Kent The Babadook 2014, The Nightingale 2018

Erle C. Kenton Island of Lost Souls 1932

Abbas Kiarostami Where is the Friends Home? 1987, Taste of Cherry 1997, Five Dedicated to Ozu 2003




Krzysztof Kieslowski Blind Chance 1987, A Short Film About Killing 1988, A Short Film about Love 1988, The Decalogue 1989, The Double Life of Veronique 1991, Blue 1993, White 1994, Red 1994

Jee-woon Kim A Bittersweet Life 2005

Ki-young Kim The Housemaid 1960

Henry King Twelve O'Clock High 1949, The Gunfighter 1950, The Bravados 1958

Paul King Paddington 2014, Paddington 2 2017

Charles Kiselyak A Constant Forge 2000

Takeshi Kitano Sonatine 2002


Masaki Kobayashi Harakiri 1962, Kwaidan 1964, Samurai Rebellion 1967, The Human Condition 1959/1961

Andrey Konchalovskiy Runaway Train 1985

Thomas Köner From the Outskirts of the Nothing to the Suburbs of the Void 2006

Alexander Korda The Private Life of Henry VIII. 1933, That Hamilton Women 1941

Hirokazu Koreeda Nobody Knows 2004, Still Walking 2008, Like Father, Like Son 2013 After the Storm 2016, Shoplifters 2018

Viktor Kossakovsky Aquarela 2018

Henry Koster The Bishop's Wife 1947, Harvey 1950, No Highway in the Sky 1951, My Man Godfrey 1957


Ted Kotcheff Wake In Fright 1971, North Dallas Forty 1979

Tamara Kotevska, Ljubo Stefanov Honeyland 2019

Stanley Kramer The Defiant Ones 1958, Judgment at Nuremberg 1961, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner 1967

Kurt Kren Works (esp. 31/75 Asyl 1975)

Peter Kubelka Arnulf Rainer 1960, Unsere Afrikareise 1966

Stanley Kubrick The Killing 1956, Paths of Glory 1957, Lolita 1962, Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb 1964, 2001: A Space Odyssey 1968, A Clockwork Orange 1971, Barry Lyndon 1975, The Shining 1980, Full Metal Jacket 1987

Akira Kurosawa Stray Dog 1949, Rashomon 1950, Ikiru 1952, Seven Samurai 1954, Throne of Blood 1957, Hidden Fortress 1958, Yojimbo 1961, Sanjuro 1962, High and Low 1963, Red Beard 1965, Dodes'ka-den 1970 Dersu Uzala 1975, Dreams 1990

Gregory La Cava My Man Godfrey 1936, Stage Door 1937

Albert Lamorisse Le Ballon Rouge 1956, Crin Blanc: Le Cheval Sauvage 1953

John Landis The Blues Brothers 1980, An American Werewolf in London 1981, Trading Places 1983, Coming to America 1988

Fritz Lang M 1931, The Testament of Dr. Mabuse 1933, The Return of Frank James 1940, Man Hunt 1941, Hangmen Also Die 1943, Ministry of Fear 1944, Scarlet Street 1945

Simon Langton, Jonathan Powell Smiley's People 1982

Yorgos Lanthimos The Lobster 2016

Mark Lapore Works (esp. Sudan Rolls 1989, New York Rolls 1990, A Depression in the Bay of Bengal 1996)

Charles Laughton The Night of the Hunter 1955

Frank Launder I See a Dark Stranger 1946

Laurel & Hardy Works

David Lean In Which We Serve 1942 (w/ Noel Coward), This Happy Breed 1944, Brief Encounter 1946, Great Expectations 1946, Oliver Twist 1948, The Passionate Friends 1949,, The Sound Barrier 1952, Hobson's Choice 1954, Summertime 1955, The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957, Lawrence of Arabia 1962, Doctor Zhivago 1965, Ryan's Daughter 1970

Ang Lee Eat Drink Man Woman 1994, The Ice Storm 1997, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 2000, Hulk 2003, Brokeback Mountain 2005

Chang-dong Lee Secret Sunshine 2007, Poetry 2010. Burning 2018


Spike Lee Do the Right Thing 1989, Mo' Better Blues 1990, Malcolm X 1992, Summer of Sam 1999, 25th Hour 2002, Inside Man 2006, BlacKkKlansman 2018

Fernand Léger, Dudley Murphy Ballet Mécanique 1924

Malcolm Le Grice After Lumiere- L'Arrosuer Arrose 1974, Blackbird Descending (Tense Alignment) 1977

Mike Leigh Abigail's Party 1977, Meantime 1984, High Hopes 1988, The Short & Curlies 1988 Life is Sweet 1990, Naked 1993, Secrets & Lies 1996, Career Girls 1997, All or Nothing 2002, Vera Drake 2004, Happy-Go-Lucky 2008, Another Year 2010, Mr. Turner 2014

Mitchell Leisen Midnight 1939

Sebastián Lelio A Fantastic Woman 2017

Irving Lerner Murder by Contract 1958

Barry Levinson Diner 1982, Young Sherlock Holmes 1985, Rain Man 1988

Mervin Leroy Random Harvest 1942

Sergio Leone A Fistful of Dollars 1964, For a Few Dollars More 1965, The Good, the Bad and the Ugly 1966, Once Upon a Time in the West 1968


Saul Levine Works (esp. Note to Patti 1969, Notes After Long Silence 1989, Light Lick Series 2000)

Helen Levitt, James Agee, Janice Loeb In the Street 1948

Herschell Gordon Lewis Blood Feast 1963

Joseph H. Lewis Gun Crazy 1950, The Big Combo 1954, Terror in a Texas Town 1958

Tarrl Lightowler Works

Doug Liman The Bourne Identity 2002, Edge of Tomorrow 2014

Richard Linklater Dazed and Confused 1993, Before Sunrise 1995, Before Sunset 2004, Before Midnight 2013, Boyhood 2014

Dwight H. Little Rapid Fire 1992

Anatole Litvak The Snake Pit 1948, Decision Before Dawn 1951, Goodbye Again 1961

Bing Liu Minding the Gap 2018

Ken Loach Kes 1969, Riff-Raff 1991, I, Daniel Blake 2016

Barbara Loden Wanda 1970

Kenneth Lonergan You Can Count on Me 2000, Margaret 2011, Manchester by the Sea 2016



Joseph Losey The Boy with Green Hair 1948, Time Without Pity 1957, The Servant 1963, The Romantic Englishwoman 1975, Mr. Klein 1976

Rose Lowder Champs Provincial 1979

Ernst Lubitsch Trouble in Paradise 1932, Design for Living 1933, Ninotchka 1939, The Shop Around the Corner 1940, To Be or Not to Be 1942, Heaven Can Wait 1943

George Lucas THX 1138 1971, American Graffiti 1973

Mary Lucier Dawn Burn 1975

Sidney Lumet 12 Angry Men 1957, The Fugitive Kind 1960, The Iceman Cometh 1960, Long Day's Journey Into Night  1962, The Pawnbroker 1965, The Hill 1965, The Anderson Tapes 1971, Serpico 1973, The Offence (Something Like the Truth) 1973, Murder on the Orient Express 1974, Dog Day Afternoon 1975, Network 1976, Prince of the City 1981, The Verdict 1982, Running on Empty 1988, Q & A 1990

Lumière Brothers Works

Ida Lupino The Hitch-Hiker 1953

William Lustig Maniac 1980, Vigilante 1982, Maniac Cop 1988, Maniac Cop 2 1990, Maniac Cop 3 1993

Len Lye Works, esp. Free Radicals 1958

David Lynch The Alphabet 1968, The Grandmother 1970, The Amputee 1974, Eraserhead 1977, The Elephant Man 1980, Blue Velvet 1986, Twin Peaks 1990-1991, Wild at Heart 1990, Premonition Following an Evil Deed (from Lumière et Compagnie) 1995, Lost Highway 1997, The Straight Story 1999, Mulholland Drive 2001, Inland Empire 2006, Twin Peaks The Return 2017

Seth MacFarlane Ted 2012

Alexander Mackendrick Whiskey Galore! 1949, The Man in the White Suit 1951, The Ladykillers 1955, Sweet Smell of Success 1957

David Mackenzie Starred Up 2013 Hell or High Water 2016

John Mackenzie The Long Good Friday 1980

Takashi Makino Works

Louis Malle Elevator to the Gallows 1958, The Fire Within 1963, Murmur of the Heart 1971, Lacombe, Lucien 1974, Black Moon 1975, Atlantic City 1980, Au Revoir les Enfants 1987

Terrence Malik Badlands 1973, Days of Heaven 1978, The Thin Red Line 1998, The New World 2005, The Tree of Life 2011

David Mamet House of Games 1987, Things Change 1988, Homicide 1991, Glengarry Glen Ross (Directed by James Foley) 1992, Redbelt 2008

Robert Mandel School Ties 1992

James Mangold Heavy 1995, Cop Land 1997, Logan 2917

Rouben Mamoulian Queen Christina 1933


Anthony Mann Railroaded! 1947, T-Men 1947, Raw Deal 1948, Side Street 1950, Winchester '73 1950, The Furies 1950, Bend of the River 1952, The Naked Spur 1953, The Far Country 1955, The Man from Laramie 1955, Men in War 1957, The Tin Star 1957, A Dandy in Aspin (with Laurence Harvey) 1968

Delbert Mann Marty 1955

Michael Mann Thief 1981, The Keep 1983,  Manhunter 1986, Heat 1995, The Last of the Mohicans 1992, Insider 1999, Collateral 2004, Public Enemies 2009, Luck 2011

Man Ray Works esp. Le Retour à la Raison 1923

George Marshall Destry Rides Again 1939, The Blue Dahlia 1946

Archie Mayo The Petrified Forest 1936

Albert & David Maysles Salesman 1969, Gimme Shelter 1970, Christo's Valley Curtain 1974, Running Fence 1977

Craig Mazin Chernobyl 2019

Paul Mazursky Harry and Tonto 1974

Jim McBride David Holzman's Diary 1967

Anthony McCall Landscape for Fire 1972, Landscape for White Squares 1972, Earthwork 1972, Fire Cycles II 1973

Leo McCarey Duck Soup 1933, Ruggles of Red Gap 1935, Make Way for Tomorrow 1937, The Awful Truth 1937, Love Affair 1939, An Affair to Remember 1957

Tom McCarthy The Station Agent 2003, Spotlight 2015

John Michael McDonagh The Guard 2011, Calvary 2014

Martin McConagh In Bruges 2008, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri 2017

Thomas McGuane 92 in the Shade 1975


John McNaughton Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer 1986

Christopher McQuarrie Mission: Impossible - Rogue Nation 2015, Mission Impossible - Fallout 2018

Steve McQueen Hunger 2008, Shame 2011, 12 Years a Slave 2014

John McTiernan Die Hard 1988

Peter Medak Romeo is Bleeding 1993

Jonas Mekas The Brig 1964, Diaries Notes and Sketches 1969, Lost Lost Lost 1976, Zefiro Torna or Scenes from the Life of George Maciunas (Fluxus) 1992, Birth of a Nation 1997

Georges Méliès Works




Jean-Pierre Melville Bob le Flambeur  1956, Léon Morin, Priest 1961, Le Doulos 1962, Le Samouraï 1967, L'Armée des Ombres 1969, Le Cercle Rouge 1970, Un Flic 1972

Marie Menken Works (esp. Arabesque for Kenneth Anger 1961)

Jirí Menzel Closely Watched Trains 1966

Oscar Micheaux Body and Soul 1925, Ten Minutes to Live 1932

Roger Michell Persuasion 1995

David Michôd Animal Kingdom 2010, The Rover 2014, The King 2019

Jim Mickle Cold in July 2014

Takashi Miike Rainy Dog 1997

Lewis Milestone Arch of Triumph 1948


David Miller Lonely Are the Brave 1962

Vincente Minelli Meet Me in St. Louis 1944, An American in Paris 1952, The Bad and the Beautiful 1952

Anthony Minghella The English Patient 1996, The Talented Mr. Ripley 1999

Tsai Ming-Liang Rebels of the Neon God 1992, Vive L'Amour 1994, The River 1997, The Hole 1998, What Time is it There? 2001, Goodbye, Dragon Inn 2003, The Wayward Cloud 2005

Trinh T. Minh-ha Reassemblage: From the Firelight to the Screen 1983

Kenji Misumi Lone Wolf and Cub: Sword of Vengeance 1972, Lone Wolf and Cub: Baby Cart at the River Styx 1972

Kenji Mizoguchi Osaka Elegy 1936, The Life of Oharu 1952, Ugetsu 1953, Sansho the Bailiff 1954

Dominik Moll With a Friend Like Harry 2000

Josh Mond James White 2015

Mario Monicelli Big Deal on Madonna Street 1958

Pierre Morel Taken 2008

Errol Morris Vernon, Florida 1981, The Thin Blue Line 1988

Robert Morris Mirror 1969

Bill Morrison Decasia: The State of Decay 2004

Greg Mottola The Daytrippers 1996, Superbad 2007

Oren Moverman The Messenger 2009, Rampart 2011

Robert Mulligan To Kill a Mockingbird 1962

F. W. Murnau Nosferatu 1922, The Last Laugh 1924, Faust 1926, Sunrise 1927, City Girl 1930, Tabu: A Story of the South Seas 1931

Hideo Nakata Ringu 1998, Dark Water 2002

Hans Namuth Jackson Pollock 51 1951

Mikio Naruse When a Women Ascends the Stairs 1960

Ronald Neame The Horses Mouth 1958, Tunes of Glory 1960, Gambit 1966, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie 1969, Scrooge 1970, Hopscotch 1980

Hal Needham Smokey and the Bandit 1977

Roy William Neill Sherlock Holmes (series with Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce) 1942-1946


Gunvor Nelson Works (esp My Name is Oona 1969)

Morgan Neville Won't You Be My Neighbor 2018

Phill Niblock Works

Andrew Niccol Gattaca 1997

Jeff Nichols Take Shelter 2011, Mud 2012, Midnight Special 2016

Mike Nichols Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 1966, The Graduate 1967, Carnal Knowledge 1971, The Fortune 1975, The Birdcage 1996, Wit 2001, Angels in America 2003, Closer 2004, Charlie Wilson's War 2007


Christopher Nolan Memento 2000, Batman Begins 2005, The Dark Knight 2008, Inception 2010, The Dark Knight Rises 2012, Interstellar 2014, Dunkirk 2017

Chris Noonan Babe 1995

Yuri Norshteyn Works esp. Hedgehog in the Fog 1975, Tale of Tales 1979

Bill Norton Cisco Pike 1972

Victor Nunez Ruby in Paradise 1993,  Ulee’s Gold 1997

Marie Nyreröd Bergman Island 2004

Kihachi Okamoto Samurai Assassin 1965, The Sword of Doom 1966, Kill! 1968

Gary Oldman Nil by Mouth 1997

Laurence Olivier Hamlet 1948

Ermanno Olmi Il Posto 1961, I Fidanzati 1962, The Tree of Wooden Clogs 1978

Max Ophuls The Reckless Moment 1949, La Ronde 1950

Yasujiro Ozu A Story of Floating Weeds 1934, Late Spring 1949, Early Summer 1951, Tokyo Story 1953, Early Spring 1956, Tokyo Twilight  1957, Floating Weeds 1959, Good Morning 1959, Late Autumn 1960. An Autumn Afternoon 1962

G. W. Pabst Pandora's Box 1929, The Threepenny Opera 1931

Jean Painlevé Works


Alan J. Pakula Klute 1971, The Parallax View 1974, All the President's Men 1976, Presumed Innocent 1990, Sophie's Choice 1982

Sergei Parajanov Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors 1964, The Color of Pomegranates 1969

Chan-wook Park Oldboy 2003. The Handmaiden 2016

Nick Park A Close Shave 1995

Alan Parker Angel Heart 1987, Mississippi Burning 1988, The Commitments 1991

James Parrot The Music Box 1932 (Laurel & Hardy move a piano)

Pier Paolo Pasolini Accattone 1961, Mamma Roma 1962, The Gospel According to St. Matthew 1964, Teorema 1968, Salo, or the 120 Days of Sodom 1975

Ivan Passer Born to Win 1971, Cutter's Way 1981

Alexander Payne Election 1999, About Schmidt 2002, Sideways 2004, The Descendants 2011, Nebraska 2013

Sam Peckinpah Ride the High Country 1962, The Wild Bunch 1969, The Ballad of Cable Hogue 1970, Straw Dogs 1971, Junior Bonner 1972, The Getaway 1972, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid 1973, Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia 1974, The Killer Elite 1975

Joe Penna Artic 2018

Jordan Peele Get Out 2017

Arthur Penn Bonnie and Clyde 1967, Little Big Man 1970, Night Moves 1975

Vadim Perelman House of Sand and Fog 2003

Jacques Perrin  Winged Migration ‘Le peuple migrateur’ 2001

Frank Perry The Swimmer 1968, Play It As It Lays 1972, Rancho Deluxe 1975

Christian Petzold Phoenix 2014

Maurice Pialat Loulou 1980, À Nos Amours 1983, Police 1985, Under the Sun of Satan 1987, Van Gogh 1991

Irving Pichel, Enrest B. Schoedsack The Most Dangerous Game 1932

J. Leighton Pierce Works (esp. You Can Drive the Big Rigs 1989, Principles of Harmonic Motion 1991, Glass 1998, Mr Person in the Water 2006)

Nic Pizzolatto True Detective Season One and Three 2014-2019


Roman Polanski Knife in the Water 1962, Repulsion 1965, Cul-de-Sac 1966, The Fearless Vampire Killers 1967, Rosemary's Baby 1968, Macbeth 1971, Chinatown 1974, The Tenant 1976, Tess 1979,  Frantic 1988, The Pianist 2002, Oliver Twist 2005

Sydney Pollack They Shoot Horses, Don't They? 1969, Three Days of the Condor 1975, Absence of Malice 1981

Abraham Polonsky Force of Evil 1948

Gillo Pontecorvo The Battle of Algiers 1966

Dennis Potter The Singing Detective 1986

Micheal Powell & Emeric Pressburger The Edge of the World 1937, The Spy in Black 1939, The Thief of Bagdad 1940 (w/ Ludwig Berger and Tim Whelan), Contraband 1940, 49th Parallel 1941, One of 0ur Aircraft is Missing 1942, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp 1943, A Canterbury Tale 1944, 'I Know Where I'm Going!' 1945, A Matter of Life and Death 1946, Black Narcissus 1947, The Red Shoes 1948, The Small Back Room 1949, Gone to Earth 1950, The Tales of Hoffmann 1951, Peeping Tom 1960

Otto Preminger Fallen Angel 1945, River of No Return 1954, The Man with the Golden Arm 1955, Anatomy of a Murder 1959, Bunny Lake is Missing 1965

Luther Price Sodom 1989

Martin Provost Séraphine 2008

Michael Radford 1984 1984, Il Postino 1994

Bob Rafelson Five Easy Pieces 1970, The King of Marvin Gardens 1972, Stay Hungry 1976, The Postman Always Rings Twice 1981

Sam Raimi The Evil Dead 1981, Evil Dead II 1987, A Simple Plan 1998

Lynne Ramsay Morvern Callar 2002, You Were Never Really Here 2017

Nicholas Ray They Live by Night 1948, Knock on Any Door 1949, In a Lonely Place 1950, The Lusty Men 1952, Johnny Guitar 1954, Rebel Without a Cause 1955, Bigger Than Life 1956, The True Story of Jesse James 1957

Satyajit Ray Pather Panchali 1955, Aparajito 1957, The World of Apu 1959

Jurgen Reble Chicago 1996

Robert Redford Ordinary People 1980. A River Runs Through It 1992, Quiz Show 1994


Rob Reiner This Is Spinal Tap 1984, Misery 1990

Jason Reitman Juno 2007

Nicolas Winding Refn Valhalla Rising 2009, Drive 2011 


Carol Reed Night Train to Munich 1940, The Stars Look Down 1940, The Way Ahead 1944, Odd Man Out 1947, The Fallen Idol 1948, The Third Man 1949, Outcast of the Islands 1952, Our Man in Havana 1959, Oliver! 1968

Kelly Reichardt Old Joy 2006, Wendy and Lucy 2008, Certain Women 2016

Thomas Reichman Mingus 1968

Alastair Reid Traffik 1989, Armistead Maupin's Tales of the City 1993

Al Reinert For all Mankind 1989

Karel Reisz Saturday Night and Sunday Morning 1960

Jean Renoir Boudu Saved from Drowning 1932, Grand Illusion 1937, La Bête Humaine 1938, The Rules of the Game 1939, The Southerner 1945, The River 1951

Alain Resnais Night and Fog 1955, Hiroshima mon Amour 1959

François Ribadeau Glenn Gould: The Alchemist 1974

Ron Rice Chumlum 1964

Dick Richards Rafferty and the Gold Dust Twins 1975

Tony Richardson Look Back in Anger 1959, The Entertainer 1960, A Taste of Honey 1961, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner 1962, Tom Jones 1963

Hans Richter Rhythmus 21 1921

Thomas Riedelsheimer Rivers and Tides: Andy Goldsworthy Working with Time 2001

Leni Riefenstahl Olympia 1938

Wolf Rilla Village of the Damned 1960

Dino Risi Il Sorpasso 1962

Martin Ritt The Long, Hot Summer 1958, Hud 1963, The Spy Who Came in From the Cold 1965, The Front 1976

Jacques Rivette Celine and Julie Go Boating 1974, La Belle Noiseuse 1991, The Story of Marie and Julien 2003

Mark Robson Champion 1949, The Harder They Fall 1956, From the Terrace 1960
Alexandre Rockwell In the Soup 1992

Henwar Rodakiewicz Portrait of a Young Man 1925-31


Nicolas Roeg Walkabout 1971, Don't Look Now 1973, The Man Who Fell to Earth 1975

Alice Rohrwacher Happy as Lazzaro 2018

George Romero Night of the Living Dead 1968, The Crazies 1973, Martin 1977, Dawn of the Dead 1978, Day of the Dead 1985

Martin Rosen Watership Down 1978, The Plague Dogs 1982

Stuart Rosenberg Cool Hand Luke 1967, The Laughing Policeman 1973, The Pope of Greenwich Village 1984

Francesco Rosi Salvatore Giuliano 1962

Michaël R. Roskam The Drop 2014

Herbert Ross Goodbye, Mr. Chips 1969, Play It Again, Sam 1972

Matt Ross Captain Fantastic 2016

Roberto Rossellini Rome, Open City 1945, The Flowers of St. Francis 1950, Il Generale Della Rovere 1959

Robert Rossen Body and Soul 1947, The Hustler 1961

Jean Rouch Les maîtres fous 1957

Barbara Rubin Christmas on Earth 1964

David O. Russell Three Kings 1999, The Fighter 2010

Ken Russell Women in Love 1969, The Devils 1971, Altered States 1980

Roy Del Ruth It Happened on 5th Avenue 1947, The Babe Ruth Story 1948

Walter Ruttmann Berlin, Symphony of a City 1927

Gene Saks Barefoot in the Park 1967, The Odd Couple 1968

Mark Sandrich The Gay Divorcee 1934, Top Hat 1935, Shall We Dance 1937, Carefree 1938

Gus van Sant Drugstore Cowboy 1989, My Own Private Idaho 1991, To Die For 1995, Good Will Hunting 1997, Gerry 2002, Elephant 2003, Last Days 2005

Richard Sarafian Vanishing Point 1971

Joanna Sarsby The Life of Birds 1998

Joseph Sargent The Taking of Pelham One Two Three 1974


John Sayles Lianna 1983, The Brother from Another Planet 1984, Matewan 1987, Passion Fish 1992, Limbo 1999, Lone Star 1996

Jerry Schatzberg The Panic in Needle Park 1971, Scarecrow 1973, Street Smart 1987

John Schlesinger Billy Liar 1963, Darling 1965, Far From the Madding Crowd 1967, Sunday Bloody Sunday 1971, The Day of the Locust 1975,  Marathon Man 1976

Julian Schnabel The Diving Bell and the Butterfly 2007

Barbet Schroeder Barfly 1987

Paul Schrader Hardcore 1979, American Gigolo 1980, Light Sleeper 1992, Affliction 1997, First Reformed 2018

Stephen Nomura Schible Ryuichi Sakamoto: Coda 2017, Ryuichi Sakamoto: async Live at the Park Avenue Armory 2018

Carolee Schneemann Works

Gerry Schum Land Art 1968-69

Joel Schumacher Falling Down 1993

Céline Sciamma Bande de filles (Girlhood) 2014, Portrait of a Lady on Fire 2019

Martin Scorsese Who's That Knocking at My Door 1967, The Big Shave 1967, Mean Streets 1973, Italianamerican 1974, Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore 1974, Taxi Driver 1976, The Last Waltz 1978, American Boy: A Profile of Steven Prince 1978, Raging Bull 1980, The King of Comedy 1982, After Hours 1985, The Last Temptation of Christ 1988, Goodfellas 1990, Cape Fear 1991, The Age of Innocence 1993, A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies (with Michael Henry Wilson) 1995-1998, No Direction Home: Bob Dylan 2005, Shutter Island 2010, The Irishman 2019

Campbell Scott, Stanley Tucci Big Night 1996


Ridley Scott The Duellists 1977, Alien 1979, Blade Runner 1982, Black Rain 1989, Gladiator 2000, American Gangster 2007, Prometheus 2012, The Martian 2015

Tony Scott The Hunger 1983, True Romance 1993, Unstoppable 2010

William A. Seiter If You Could Only Cook 1935

Dominic Sena Kalifornia 1993

Richard Serra Works, esp Hand Catching Lead 1968 and Railroad Turnbridge 1976

Paul Sharits N:O:T:H:I:N:G 1968, T,O,U,C,H,I,N,G 1969, Bad Burns 1982


Charles Sheeler and Paul Strand Manhatta 1921

Jim Sheridan My Left Foot 1989, In the Name of the Father 1993, The Boxer 1997

Taylor Sheridan Wind River 2017

Takashi Shimizu Ju-on: The Grudge 2002

Kaneto Shindô The Naked Island 1960, Onibaba 1964, Kuroneko 1968

Masahiro Shinoda Pale Flower 1964, Samurai Spy 1965, Double Suicide 1969

Trey Edward Shults Waves 2019

M. Night Shyamalan The Sixth Sense 1999


Vittorio De Sica The Children are Watching Us 1947, The Bicycle Thief 1948, Umberto D. 1952, Indiscretion of an American Wife 1954, La Ciociara (Two Women) 1960, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis 1970

Don Siegel Invasion of the Body Snatchers 1956, The Lineup 1958, Coogan's Bluff 1968, Two Mules for Sister Sara 1970, The Beguiled 1971, Dirty Harry 1972, Charley Varrick 1973, The Shootist 1976, Escape From Alcatraz 1979

Silt (also see Kieth Evans) Works


Joan Micklin Silver Chilly Scenes of Winter 1979

Derek Simonds The Sinner season One & Two 2017-2018

Robert Siodmak The Killers 1946, Criss Cross 1949

Douglas Sirk Shockproof 1949 (written by Samuel Fuller), Magnificent Obsession 1954, All That Heaven Allows 1955, Written on the Wind 1956, Tarnished Angels 1958, Imitation of Life 1959

José Antonio Sistiaga ...ere erera baleibu izik subua aruaren... 1970, Impresiones en la alta atmósfera 1989


Victor Sjöström The Phantom Carriage 1921, The Wind 1928


Jerzy Skolimowski Deep End 1970, The Shout 1978, Moonlighting 1982

John Slattery God's Pocket 2014

Ron Shelton Bull Durham 1988, White Men Can't Jump 1992

Erik Skjoldbjærg Insomnia 1997

George Sluizer The Vanishing 1988

Harry Smith Works

Jack Smith Normal Love 1963, Flaming Creatures 1963

Robert Smithson Spiral Jetty 1970

Michael Snow New York Eye and Ear Control 1964, Wavelength 1967, <---> Back and Forth 1969, La Région Centrale 1971, See You Later 1990


Steven Soderbergh Out of Sight 1998, The Limey 1999, Erin Brockovich 2000, Traffic 2000, Magic Mike 2012, Logan Lucky 2017

Aleksandr Sokurov Mother and Son 1997


Phil Solomon The Secret Garden 1988, The Exquisite Hour 1989, Figure/Ground (The Snowman) 1995

Todd Solondz Welcome to the Dollhouse 1995, Happiness 1998, Storytelling 2001

Paolo Sorrentino Youth 2015

Steven Spielberg Duel 1970, The Sugarland Express 1974, Jaws 1975, Schindler's List 1993, Saving Private Ryan 1998, Munich 2005, Catch Me If You Can 2002, War Horse 2011, Bridge of Spies 2015

Götz Spielmann Revanche 2008

John M. Stahl Imitation of Life 1934

Chad Stahelski & (partially) David Leitch John Wick: Chapters 1-3 2014-2019

Ralph Steiner H2O 1929, Surf & Seaweed 1929/30, Mechanical Principles 1930

Josef von Sternberg Morocco 1930, Shanghai Express 1932, Blonde Venus 1932, The Scarlet Empress 1934, The Devil is a Woman 1935

George Stevens Swing Time 1936, Penny Serenade 1941, The Talk of the Town 1942, A Place in the Sun 1951, Shane 1953, Giant 1956

Erich von Stroheim Greed 1924, Queen Kelly 1929

Mel Stuart Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory 1971

John Sturges Gunfight at the O.K. Corral 1957, Last Train from Gun Hill 1959, The Magnificent Seven 1960, The Great Escape 1963, Joe Kidd 1972

Preston Sturges The Great McGinty 1940, Christmas in July 1940, The Lady Eve 1941, Sullivan's Travels 1941, The Palm Beach Story 1942, The Miracle of Morgan's Creek 1944, Hail the Conquering Hero 1944, Unfaithfully Yours 1948

János Szász Woyzeck 1994

Quentin Tarantino Reservoir Dogs 1992, Pulp Fiction 1994, Jackie Brown 1997, Django Unchained 2012, Once Upon a Time... in Hollywood 2019



Andrei Tarkovsky Ivanovo Detstvo (Ivan's Childhood) 1962, Andrei Rublev 1969, Solaris 1972, The Mirror 1975, Stalker 1979, Nostalghia 1983, The Sacrifice 1986

Béla Tarr Damnation 1988, Satantango 1994, Werckmeister Harmonies 2000, The Turin Horse 2011

Jacques Tati Jour de Fête 1949, Les Vacances de Monsieur Hulot 1953, Mon Oncle 1958, Play Time 1967

Bertrand Tavernier Coup de Torchon 1981

Hiroshi Teshigahara Pitfall 1962, Woman in the Dunes 1964, The Face of Another 1966, Antonio Gaudí 1984

Ralph Thomas The Clouded Yellow 1950

Billy Bob Thornton Sling Blade 1996

Johnnie To The Mission 1999

André de Toth Crime Wave 1954

Jacques Tourneur Cat People 1942, The Leopard Man 1943, I Walked with a Zombie 1943, Out of the Past 1947, Canyon Passage 1946, Nightfall 1957, Night (or Curse) of the Demon 1957

Robert Townsend Hollywood Shuffle 1987

Dan Trachtenberg 10 Cloverfield Lane 2016

Joachim Trier Oslo, August 31st 2011

Lars von Trier The Element of Crime 1984, Europa 1991, The Kingdom 1994 - 1997, Breaking the Waves 1996, Idioterne 1998, Dancer in the Dark 2000, Dogville 2003, Nymphomaniac: vol. I & vol II 2013

Jan Troell The Emigrants 1971, The New Land 1972, Hamsun 1996, Everlasting Moments 2008

François Truffaut The Adventures of Antoine Doinel (The 400 Blows, Antoine and Colette, Stolen Kisses, Bed and Board, and Love on the Run) 1959-1979, Shoot the Piano Player 1960, Jules and Jim 1962, Fahrenheit 451 1966, Two English Girls 1971

Dalton Trumbo Johnny Got His Gun 1971


Douglas Trumbull Silent Running 1972

Frank Tuttle This Gun for Hire 1942

Edgar G. Ulmer The Black Cat 1934

Jean-Marc Vallée Dallas Buyers Club 2013, Wild 2014

Agnes Varda Cleo from 5 to 7 1962, Vagabond 1985, The Gleaners and I 2000, Ydessa, the Bears and etc. 2004

Paul Verhoeven RoboCop 1987

Dziga Vertov Man With a Movie Camera 1929

King Vidor The Crowd 1928, Street Scene 1931, Our Daily Bread 1934, Man Without a Star 1955

Jean Vigo A Propos de Nice 1929-1930, Taris 1931, Zero de Conduite 1933, L'Atalante 1934

Carlos Vilardebó Alexander Calder: Le Cirque de Calder 1961

Denis Villeneuve Prisoners 2013, Enemy 2013, Sicario 2015, Arrival 2016, Blade Runner 2049 2017

Thomas Vintenberg The Celebration 1998, The Hunt 2013

Luchino Visconti Le Notti Bianche 1957, Rocco and His Brothers 1960

Slavko Vorkapich and John Hoffman Moods of Sea 1941

Ric Roman Waugh Shot Caller 2017

Phoebe Waller-Bridge & Harry Bradbeer Fleabag season One & Two 2016-2019

Raoul Walsh The Big Trail 1930, The Roaring Twenties 1939, Dark Command 1940, They Drive by Night 1940, High Sierra 1941, White Heat 1949, Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. 1951


Wayne Wang Smoke 1995

David S. Ward Cannery Row 1982

Andy Warhol Sleep 1963, Kiss 1963, Eat 1964, Blow Job 1964, Couch 1964, Empire 1964, Henry Geldzahler 1964, Horse 1965, Beauty #1 & #2 1965, Chelsea Girls 1966, The Velvet Underground and Nico 1966, Screen Tests, and others

Peter Watkins Edvard Munch 1976

Lo Wei Fist of Fury 1972

Claudia Weill Girlfriends 1978

Peter Weir Picnic at Hanging Rock 1975, The Last Wave 1977, Witness 1985 Dead Poets Society 1989, The Truman Show 1998

Orson Welles Citizen Kane 1941, The Magnificent Ambersons 1942, The Lady From Shanghai 1948, Touch of Evil 1958

William Wellman The Public Enemy 1931, Beau Geste 1939, The Ox-Bow Incident 1943, The Story of G.I. Joe 1945, Yellow Sky 1948

Chris Welsby Works

Wim Wenders Kings of the Road 1976, The American Friend 1977, Paris, Texas 1984, Wings of Desire 1987, Buena Vista Social Club 1999

Alfred L. Werker The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes 1939

James Whale Frankenstein 1931, The Invisible Man 1933, Bride of Frankenstein 1935

James White (for Edison) Paris Exposition Films 1900

James Whitney Works

Robert Wiene The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari 1919

Fred M. Wilcox Forbidden Planet 1956

Billy Wilder The Major and the Minor 1942, Double Indemnity 1944, The Lost Weekend 1945, Sunset Boulevard 1950, Ace In the Hole 1951, Stalag 17 1953, Sabrina 1954, Witness for the Prosecution 1957, Some Like It Hot 1959, The Apartment 1960, One, Two, Three 1961, Irma La Douce 1963, Kiss Me, Stupid 1964, The Front Page 1974

Simon Wincer Lonesome Dove 1989

Michael Winner The Mechanic 1972, Death Wish 1974

Michael Winterbottom The Killer Inside Me 2010, The Trip 2010

Robert Wise The Curse of the Cat People 1944, Blood on the Moon 1948, The Set-Up 1949, The Day the Earth Stood Still 1951, Somebody Up There Likes Me 1956, Odds Against Tomorrow 1959, West Side Story 1961, Two For the Seesaw 1962, The Haunting 1963, The Sound of Music 1965, The Sand Pebbles 1966

Frederick Wiseman Titicut Follies 1967, High School 1968


John Woo Hard Boiled 1992, The Killer 1989

Ed Wood Glen or Glenda 1953, Plan 9 From Outer Space 1959

Sam Wood Goodbye Mr. Chips 1939, The Pride of the Yankees 1942, For Whom the Bell Tolls 1943

Basil Wright Song of Ceylon 1934

William Wyler Counsellor at Law 1933, The Good Fairy 1935, Wuthering Heights 1939, The Westerner 1940, The Little Foxes 1941, Mrs. Miniver 1942, The Best Years of Our Lives 1946, The Heiress 1949, Detective Story 1951, Roman Holiday 1953, Friendly Persuasion 1956, The Big Country 1958

Peter Yates Robbery 1967, Bullitt 1968, The Friends of Eddie Coyle 1973, The Deep 1977

Irvin S. Yeaworth Jr. The Blob 1958

Zhang Yimou Ju Dou 1990, Raise the Red Lantern 1991, To Live 1994, Not One Less 1999, The Road Home 2000, Hero 2002, House of Flying Daggers 2004, Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles 2005

Terence Young Dr. No 1962, From Russia with Love 1963, Thunderball 1965

Franco Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet 1968

Robert Zemeckis Flight 2012

Jia Zhangke A Touch of Sin 2013, Ash Is Purest White 2018

Chloé Zhao The Rider 2017


Fred Zinnemann High Noon 1952,  From Here To Eternity 1953, The Nun's Story 1959

Terry Zwigoff Crumb 1994, Ghost World 2001, Bad Santa 2003

Andrzej Zuławski Possession 1981

Valerio Zurlini Violent Summer 1959


(films influential to the art of memory)

Expanded version of a list first appearing in 2007, and again expanded in 2009. Now 13 years later with many many more hours in the dark grasping for the light, the list is again greatly expanded. These films have been constantly inspiring over the years and have made up a personal essential cinema, an obcession with cinema going back to the late 1970s. I have been working on it pretty steady the last 6 months but plan on adding more films over time. For this viewer, it is helpful to write out in list form films and filmmakers that are personally important, to add some clarity and also point to directions for further research.